Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart and blood vessels.

It is the leading cause of death globally, accounting for more than 17.9 million deaths per year, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

CVD includes conditions such as coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, and hypertension (high blood pressure).

Risk factors for CVD include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, and obesity.

Many of these risk factors can be modified through lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and not smoking.